Accounting / August 3, 2018 / Collins Barber
Along with three other reports relating to the financial health of your small business, the balance sheet is essential information that gives a "snapshot" of the company’s net worth at any given time. The report is a summary of the business assets and liabilities.
Depreciation expense reduces profit but does not impact cash flow. Hence, it is added back. Similarly, if the starting point profit is above interest and tax in the income statement, then interest and tax cash flows will need to be deducted if they are to be treated as operating cash flows.
The cash flow coverage ratio is an indicator of the ability of a company to pay interest and principal amounts when they become due. This ratio tells the number of times the financial obligations of a company are covered by its earnings. A ratio equal to one or more than one means that the company is in good financial health and it can meet its financial obligations through the cash generated by operating activities.
The cash flow statement is linked to the income statement by net profit or net burn. The profit or burn on the income statement then is used to calculate cash flow from operations. This is referred to as the indirect method. Another technique, called the direct method, can also be used to prepare the cash flow statement: In this case, the money received is subtracted from the money spent to calculate net cash flow.
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